Cybercrime Technologies

Digital Forensic Science: Research | Practice


[CFP] Digital Investigation: Special Issue on Volatile Memory Analysis

Deadline for submissions is 31 August 2016.
Memory analysis is a hot research topic with wide applications on many fronts - from malware detection and analysis, to recovery of encryption keys, to user activity reconstruction. As advanced contemporary malware increasingly reduces its on-disk footprint, and adopts increasingly sophisticated host detection subversion mechanisms, memory analysis is currently mainstreaming as a valuable technique for detection and response.
While memory analysis presents many new opportunities, it also presents new complications and challenges, ranging from reliance on undocumented program internals, to atomicity of acquisition methodologies. As memory analysis becomes the status quo methodology the use of directed anti-forensics is also becoming prevalent.
This special issue of the Journal of Digital Investigation invites original research papers that report on state-of-the-art and recent advancements in this rapidly expanding area of enquiry, with a particular emphasis on novel techniques and practical applications for the forensic and incident response community.
Topics of interest include but are not limited to:
  • Malware detection in memory
  • Live memory analysis
  • Live system introspection
  • Memory acquisition
  • Memory analysis of large systems
  • Userspace and application specific memory analysis
  • Cryptographic analysis, key recovery
  • Execution history analysis
  • Data fusion between memory/disk/network


[CFP] CLOUDFOR extended submission deadline

CLOUDFOR 2016: Workshop on Cloud Forensics
In conjunction with the 9th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC), Tongji University, Shanghai, China.
6-9 December 2016

Scope and Purpose
=================
As a consequence of the sharp growth in the Cloud Computing market share, we can expect an increasing trend in illegal activities involving clouds, and the reliance on data stored in the clouds for legal proceedings. This reality poses many challenges related to digital forensic investigations, incident response and eDiscovery, calling for a rethink in traditional practices, methods and tools which have to be adapted to this new context. 
This workshop aims to bring researchers and practitioners together as a multi-disciplinary forum for discussion and dissemination of ideas towards advancing the field of Cloud Forensics. 

Topics of interest comprise, but are not limited to:
* Digital evidence search and seizure in the cloud
* Forensics soundness and the cloud
* Cybercrime investigation in the cloud 
* Incident handling in the cloud
* eDiscovery in the cloud
* Investigative methodologies for the cloud
* Forensics readiness in the cloud
* Challenges of cloud forensics
* Legal aspect of cloud investigations
* Tools and practices in cloud forensics
* Case studies related to cloud forensics
* Forensics-as-a-Service
* Criminal profiling and reconstruction in the cloud
* Data provenance in the cloud
* Law enforcement and the cloud
* Big data implications of cloud forensics
* Economics of cloud forensics
* Current and future trends in cloud forensics
* Grid forensics 

Important dates
===============
* Paper submission: 15 August 2016 (extended deadline)
* Notification of acceptance: 05 September 2016 
* Camera-ready submission:  21 September 2016

Workshop chairs
===============
Virginia N. L. Franqueira
University of Derby, UK
v.franqueira[at]derby.ac.uk

Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo
University of South Australia, AU

Tim Storer 
University of Glasgow, UK

Andrew Jones
University of Hertfordshire, UK 

Raul H. C. Lopes
Brunel University (GriPP & CMS/CERN), UK

Program Committee
=================
George Grispos, The Irish Software Research Centre (LERO), IE
Andrew Marrington, Zayed University, AE
Kiran-Kumar Muniswamy-Reddy, Amazon Web Services, US
Joshua I. James, Hallym University, KR
Geetha Geethakumari, BITS Pilani, IN
Shams Zawoad, Visa Inc., US
Olga Angelopoulou, University of Hertfordshire, UK
Vrizlynn Thing, Institute for Infocomm Research, SG
Theodoros Spyridopoulos, University of the West of England, UK
Vassil Roussev, University of New Orleans, US
Yijun Yu, Open University, UK
Ibrahim Baggili, University of New Haven, US
Martin Schmiedecker, SBA Research, AT
Ben Martini, University of South Australia, AU
Hein S. Venter, University of Pretoria, ZA
Ruy de Queiroz, Federal University of Pernambuco, BR
Martin Herman, National Institute of Standards and Technology, US 
Mark Scanlon, University College Dublin, IE

Submission 
==========
Authors are invited to submit original, unpublished work which will be reviewed by three committee members. Submission should be blind, i.e., with no stated authors, or self-references. Papers should comply with the IEEE format, and have a maximum of 6 pages; guidelines are available at: http://www.ieee.org/conferences_events/conferences/publishing/templates.html
All accepted papers will be published in the IEEE conference proceedings – provided they are presented at the workshop.
Submission will be handled through EasyChair: https://easychair.org/conferences/?conf=cloudfor2016

Facebook Capture the Flag Platform Now Available

Facebook's hacking education platform and capture the flag is now available. See their release post here. Their goal is to educate about different types of web attacks by giving access to CTF infrastructure and letting more groups run hacking competitions. From their github repository:

  • Organize a competition. This can be with as few as two participants, all the way up to several hundred. The participants can be physically present, active online, or a combination of the two.
  • Follow setup instructions below to spin up platform infrastructure.
  • Enter challenges into admin page
  • Have participants register as teams
    • If running a closed competition:
      • In the admin page, generate and export tokens to be shared with approved teams, then point participants towards the registration page
    • If running an open competition:
      • Point participants towards the registration page
  • Enjoy!
I'm playing with it now, but it looks like it will be an amazing resource for students.

[How-to] Load a multi-part disk image into FTK Imager

When working with multi-part disk images, it can be confusing to see if your tool has loaded all of the image or just a part. Below is one way to determine if all of your disk image has been loaded, or only the first part in FTK Imager.



Verifying your disk image

When working with your disk image, verification of the data should always be included in your workflow. In the case of a multi-part image, we should have at least two hashes:

  • A hash for the total disk image
  • A hash for each part of the disk image
This is especially true for raw disk images, since they have no built-in checksum like expert witness format.

A hash for the total disk image is normally created by your acquisition tool, and can be found in the acquisition report. FTK Imager does not create a hash for each part of a multi-part image.

In this case, we may need to generate our own hashes using FTK, or another tool.

Why do I need hashes for each part?

If you have a hash value for the overall disk image, then - in terms of court - you will be able to show that the suspect data has not changed from the time that the disk was first acquired. However, having hashes of each part of the image can help in one major way.

The Expert Witness Format that EnCase uses has checksums every 32KB that enables verification of parts of a disk image. If one part of a disk image changes, we can potentially still use the other parts of the image that can be verified with their checksum, even if the overall hash can not be verified.

With a multi-part RAW image, we can get similar functionality by hashing each part. Each part can then be verified, along with the overall hash. If the overall hash is not valid, hashes of each part can be used to determine what part has changed. Other parts that can be verified may still be used.

Loading a multi-part image

When many tools load a multi-part image, they may only show the filename of the first part of the image. If the tool is made 'for forensics', then the tool will likely load the entire image under the first filename. In this case, verify that the tool can:
  1. Detect the full size of the original disk image
  2. Can generate the correct hash value for the original image

[CFP] Security of Individual, State and Society: Challenges and Perspectives

                                                                            
Perm State University
Faculty of Law
The University of Louisville
Departments of Criminal Justice & Computer Engineering and Computer Science and
The Brandeis School of Law
A.M. Gorky Universal Library, Perm, Russian Federation
2016 International Symposium "Security of Individual, State and Society: Challenges and Perspectives"

SISS 2016
Call for Papers
June 1-Extended Abstract Due via www.reg-site.com
July 1 – Notification of Acceptance
September 1- Full Paper Due
October 11 – 12 – Conference
November 10 –Revised Paper for Publication Due

Perm State University (PSU) and the University of Louisville (U0L) are pleased to announce an International Symposium "Security of Individual, State and Society: Challenges and Perspectives" at Perm State University, Russian Federation on the 11th and12th of October 2016.

Extended Abstracts are due 1 June 2016 with full papers due 1 September. Revised papers due for publication 10 November 2016; selected papers may also be published in the Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law.

The following research topics are included at the symposium:
·         Digital and Cyber security and the Smart City, Cybercrime and the Internet of Things
·         Transnational and Comparative Issues—Property and Privacy
·         Transnational Criminal Activities Mediated through cyber Communications, particularly Immigration and Human Trafficking offenses
·         Training and Management of the Law Enforcement for Responding to Cybercrime,
·         National Security: Economic and Legal Security 
·         Security of the City and the Citizens
·         Public Security
·         State Security
·         The relationship between state, public and personal safety, Activities to Ensure Security
·         Technology Security, Development, Production and Introduction of Modern Technical Means to Ensure Security
·         Prediction, Identification, Analysis and Assessment of Threats
·         State Policy and Strategic Planning in the Field of Security
·         Legal Regulation in the Field of Security
·         Complex Operational and Long-term Measures to Identify and Prevent Threats to Security
·         Localization and Neutralization of the Consequences of Threats to Security
·         Special Economic Measures to Ensure Security
·         Main Directions of Scientific Activity in the Field of Security
·         Financing of Expenses on Safety, Control over Pending of the Allocated Funds
·         International Cooperation to Ensure Security
·         Legal Regulation of Anti-terrorist Activities
·         International Terrorism

Abstracts of 30-minute workshops and 20-minute papers (no more than 700 words, excluding references) and virtual presentations are invited on any topic in the broad areas indicated above. All abstracts will be subject to a double-blind review process.
The main language of the conference will be English, but there will also be tracks of papers in Russian. Abstracts with keywords should be submitted electronically to
WWW.REG-SITE.COM , conference SISS 2016 and via email to symposiumlaw2016@yandex.ru

Forms of participation:  (presentation oral/poster report and publication of abstracts; oral presentation/poster presentation of abstracts without publication), virtual (online presentation), by correspondence (publication of abstracts and papers), also may participate as a listener. All participants will receive certificates of the symposium. The registration fee for any form of participation in the Symposium is $100 ($ 30 – for students).

Important Dates:

1. Due date of extended abstract (abstract + 700 words) – June 1, 2016
2. Notice of decision – July 1, 2016
3. Deadline to register for in-person or presentation via Skype (visa processing and invitation letter may take 35 to 60 days and may require expediter services to the Russian Embassy) – July 15, 2016
4. Due date of full paper camera-ready copy - format – September 1, 2016
5. Dates of conference - October 11-12, 2016
6. Date for revised final paper for publication – November 10, 2016

Additional information: pps64@mail.ru, polsvetlana@yandex.ru
michael.losavio@louisville.edu
symposiumlaw2016@yandex.ru

Honeypot Fun

At the Legal Informatics and Forensic Science Institute, we are preparing to do some research on IoT smart homes. Part of that is setting up a slightly-less-secure system. I run some honeypots on my home networks, but I was interested to see what is coming in to the known University IP range.

I had an extra Raspberry Pi laying around, and decided to run cowrie (kippo) SSH honeypot. Mostly because it is very fast to set up, gives you an idea of where attacks are coming from, and also gives a list of usernames and passwords that people are trying. More on the setup of cowrie later.

After putting cowrie online, it took 28 minutes before the first connection. This is actually longer than I expected. Possibly because the IP was up before, but port 22 was not open.

After 12 hours, login attempts from the following addresses:

Login Attempts IP Address Country
1 146.66.163.107 Russia
3 185.103.252.14 Russia
9 195.154.58.76 France
18 159.122.123.183 Germany
40 117.102.109.18 Indonesia
41 193.201.227.200 Ukraine
91 94.79.5.102 Russia
126 193.201.227.86 Ukraine
336 202.83.25.95 India

Remember that the country doesn't actually mean anything. These could be proxies, tor, hacked servers, etc.

The top usernames and passwords are not very surprising.

Tries Username / Password
21 [root/123456]
19 [root/default]
18 [admin/support]
18 [admin/default]
18 [admin/123123]
8 [root/admin]
6 [admin/admin]
5 [test/test]
5 [support/support]
5 [root/qwerty]

Probably the most interesting thing is that the first attack was that the first attack was trying some sort of buffer-overflow. Although they were connecting to SSH and sending (weird) user/pass combinations, after the connection was rejected they were sending really long strings. I suspect it is some sort of honeypot detection, or it exploits certain versions of SSH? Not sure.

Anyway, for a 1 hour project it is easy and interesting. Definitely something that students could do in an afternoon.

No Starch Press Hacking and Security books deal

Humble Bundle and No Starch Press are offering a charity deal on hacking and security books. For 15$ or more you can get 13 books! Check out the deal here: https://www.humblebundle.com/books/no-starch-hacking-books